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Volume 22 No. 3, December 2023


Article History:
Received: 17 August 2023
Accepted: 24 October 2023
Available online: 01 December 2023


Employees’ Perceived Risk Management in Public Procurement and Finance: Evidence in Malaysia

Azleen Ilias1♣, Nasrudin Baidi1 and Erlane K. Ghani2

1College of Business and Administration, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Pahang, Malaysia.
2Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia


This study evaluated employees’ perspectives about goal setting, the internal environment, information sharing, risk response, monitoring, risk assessment, control activities, and awareness of internal controls. Five hundred thirty-seven public workers responded to a questionnaire survey based on the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) (2004). In general, all employees in the public sector perceived procurement and risk management as high-risk sectors within the government's procurement and payment divisions. This study demonstrated that employees comprehend risk management, although their understanding of internal controls is somewhat lacking. In addition, the employees voiced their concerns regarding the conflict of interest among review team members, the significant inertia, the numerous contact points, the preferred supplier indicators, the quantity of proposals, the ties between bidders that inhibited competition, and especially the size of bids. To achieve government goals, public personnel concurred that they must comprehend the systematic and procurement processes for all activities. This study implies that the employees may persuade top management to adopt a robust risk management strategy prior to establishing ministry and departmental goals, thereby aiding the government in enhancing risk management and combating corruption and the government's Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 12 and 16.

Keywords: Risk management, Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO), Enterprise Risk Management (ERM), Malaysia, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG).
Corresponding Author: Azleen binti Ilias; Department of Accounting and Finance, College of Business and Administration, Uniten Business School, Institute of Energy, Policy, and Research (IEPRe), Universiti Tenaga Nasional, 26700, Pahang, Malaysia; Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Tel: 09-4552020


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