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Volume 23 No. 1, April 2024


Article History:
Received: 21 December 2023
Accepted: 29 January 2024
Available online: 01 April 2024


Analysis of the Impacts of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Rice Farming Efficiency Level: An Empirical Study in Central Java Province, Indonesia

Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika Prajanti1, Talitha Widiatningrum2, Subiyanto3, Dalila Daud4♣ and Fauzul Adzim5

1Department of Development Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business,
Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
2Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,
Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
3Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of engineering,
Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
4Accounting Research Institute (ARI) (HICoE), Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia and
Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
5Department of Development Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia


This research aimed to analyze the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the efficiency level of rice farming in Central Java Province. There were 100 rice farmers in Central Java as the research sample. The research consisted of dependent and independent variables. The dependent variable was the production of rice plants in tons. Meanwhile, the independent ones included harvested area (X1), workforces (X2), seeds (X3), urea fertilizer (X4), SP-36 fertilizer (X5), Mutiara fertilizer (X6), and pesticides (X7). The rice farming efficiency was the efficiency of cob-douglas production using the Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) approach. The results showed that the Covid-19 pandemic negatively influenced rice productivity. The value of technical efficiency in rice farming during the Covid-19 pandemic was 0.605 < 1. This indicated that the level of technical efficiency was achieved and required a reduction in the production factor. Next, the level of price efficiency in rice farming was also not efficient. It had a value of 21.55 > 1. It meant that to achieve price efficiency, it was necessary to add production inputs. The economic efficiency was still low because the value was 13.03 > 1. To realize an efficient rice farming business in terms of technical and economical aspects, the farmers should use an appropriate composition of production inputs. Therefore, the government must provide assistance and training to farmers on how to use rice agric inputs based on appropriate portions and the right size.

Keywords: Covid-19, Rice Farming, Efficiency, Central Java, Stochastic Frontier Analysis
Corresponding Author: Dalila Daud; Level12, SAAS Building, Accounting Research Institute (ARI); Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Tel: +601111866607


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