Register/Login   ISSN: 2600-7975   eISSN:2550-1895   Frequency: Three times a year      


SCImago Journal & Country Rank

  • Ulrichs (
  • Focus (Journals and Conference Proceedings)
  • UiTM Institutional Repositories (ePrints)


Volume 23 No. 1, April 2024


Article History:
Received: 28 September 2023
Accepted: 01 January 2024
Available online: 01 April 2024


Expanding The Scope of Professional Skepticism in Qatar: Developing an Arabic Hurtt Scale and Examining Influential Factors among Accountants

Emad Awadallah1♣ and Shahriar Saadullah

College of Business and Economics, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar


Professional skepticism is fundamental in the accounting profession, underpinning the critical assessment and judgement essential for the integrity of financial reporting and auditing. The absence of adequate professional skepticism can lead to significant consequences, including an increased risk of fraud, undetected errors, and a general decline in the quality of financial information. Such shortcomings can undermine stakeholder trust and lead to economic repercussions. In response to this, this study aimed to extend the study of professional skepticism in Qatar, an Arab-speaking country, by developing and validating an Arabic version of the professional skepticism scale (HPSS) developed by Hurtt (2010). To achieve this aim, the HPSS was translated, adapted, and tested for validity using a sample of 585 business students in Qatar. The findings suggested that the instrument performed better when fielded in Arabic rather than English, revealing a seven-factor structure that diverged from the original six-dimensional structure of the HPSS. Of these seven factors, only three conformed well to the dimensions developed by Hurtt (2010): Seeking Knowledge, Interpersonal Understanding, and a third factor combining items from the Self confidence and Suspension of Judgement subscales. This study highlights the importance of using Arabic language instruments in the Middle Eastern context and provides a starting point for further research on the factors influencing professional skepticism in this environment. By examining these factors, the research sought to contribute to the literature and practice by offering insights into how the cultivation and application of professional skepticism can be enhanced among accounting professionals in Qatar, ultimately supporting the integrity and reliability of financial practices in the region.

Keywords: Professional Skepticism, Financial Reporting Integrity, Arabic Professional Skepticism Scale (APSS), Accounting in Qatar, Fraud Detection, Cultural Adaptation in Accounting.
Corresponding Author: Emad Awadallah; College of Business and Economics, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Tel: +974 4403 6481


Contact Us

Main Email :

Principal Contact :
Prof. Dr. Jamaliah Said :
r. Salwa Zolkaflil :

Accounting Research Institute (ARI)
Level 12, Menara SAAS 
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
40450 Shah Alam
Selangor, MALAYSIA

Tel: +603 5544 4829   |   Fax : +603 5544 4992