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Volume 23 No. 1, April 2024


Article History:
Received: 15 February 2023
Accepted: 23 January 2024
Available online: 01 April 2024


Realisation of Maqasid Al-Shariah using Value-Based Intermediation in Islamic Banks: Acceptance or Refusal

Aizurra Haidah Abdul Kadir1, Sharifah Faigah Syed Alwi2♣, Fateha Abd Halim2,
Norzanah Mat Nor2 and Aula Ahmad Hafidh Saiful Fikri3

1Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Arshad Ayub Graduate Business School, Universiti Teknologi MARA,
Shah Alam, Malaysia
3Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Value-based intermediation (VBI) is a strategy proposed by Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) as an intermediary tool to deliver the maqasid al-shariah (intended outcomes of Shariah) through practices and product offerings in Islamic banks. However, in reality, VBI has not yet been fully accepted by all Islamic banks in Malaysia even though BNM strongly recommended the implementation. Thus, the objective of this research was to investigate the reason(s) behind the acceptance and refusal of VBI among Islamic Banks in Malaysia. This research used the qualitative research methodology where semi-structured interviews were conducted with the shapers of VBI in Islamic banks or the dedicated officers in corporate social responsibility to gain information on the initiatives. This research showed that the Islamic banks which agree to implement VBI are purely supporting the BNM initiatives. However, the Islamic banks that refused to implement VBI feel that they had adopted a similar concept and strategy as VBI much earlier to achieve maqasid al-shariah. It is recommended that BNM revise and customize VBI in accordance with the Malaysian context and culture for it to be fully accepted by all Islamic banks and be able to avoid any conflicts between the regulator and practitioners.

Keywords: Islamic Banks, Maqasid al-Shariah, Value-Based Intermediation
Corresponding Author: Sharifah Faigah Syed Alwi; Arshad Ayub Graduate Business School, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia; Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Tel: +60199314700


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